William Tzu-Liang Chen
Marilou B. Fuentes
In almost a century of surgery, few advances can be compared to the changes brought by the introduction of minimally invasive surgery that represent a true revolution in surgical practice for the greatest benefits offered to the patients. Since the early 1990s, laparoscopic surgery has evolved significantly covering all ranges of procedures from simple appendectomy to liver and kidney transplantation. The obvious success was mainly due to the better outcome and acceptance from patients for the several benefits.